- Sisteminis rūkymo ir rūkymo metimo poveikis - ppt download
A number of studies published over the last few years have sought to further elucidate the effects of smoking on these cancers.
Specifically, the effect of cigarette dose and duration of smoking was studied, as well as the effects of smoking cessation and duration of cessation on the reduction of risk. Arch Intern Med. A prospective cohort study of cigarette smoking and pancreatic cancer in Japan. Cancer Causes Control. A prospective study of cigarette smoking and the risk of pancreatic cancer.
Smoking cessation and the risk svorio metimo poveikis gfr oesophageal cancer: an overview of published studies. Oral Oncol. The impact of svorio metimo poveikis gfr of cigarette smoking on urinary tract cancer risk: a svorio metimo poveikis gfr of epidemiologic studies. Renal cell carcinoma in relation to cigarette smoking: meta analysis of 24 studies.
Int J Cancer.
Ar didelis baltymų dietos poveikis gfr 1 stadijos vėžio svorio kritimas — Taip pat kaip ir visi — vakarais bandydavau valgyti mažiau, o dieną — sveikiau. Jau kurį laiką jaučiau, kad reikia numesti svorio, bet niekaip negalėjau susiimti.
Quitting smoking can lower this increased risk. Participants noninstitutionalized civilians aged years in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Svorio metimo poveikis gfr were followed up for a median duration of The mean smoke exposure of current and ex-smokers was comparable. Ex-smokers had quit 8. Compared with a value of 1. Niekada nerūkę Buvę rūkoriai Esami rūkoriai Mannino et al.
Mannino et al also determined the relationship between the number of cigarettes smoked and the risk of developing lung cancer. The hazard ratio for development of lung cancer compared with a value of 1. The subjects, 99, Japanese citizens aged 40 to 79 years with known smoking status and no reported history of cancer, were followed up from the beginning of the study through The RR of death from pancreatic cancer was determined after adjusting for age, body mass index, diabetes, and gallbladder disease.
Compared svorio metimo poveikis gfr nonsmokers, male smokers had a RR of 1. Buvę rūkoriai serga rečiau nei esami rūkoriai. Po 10 nerūkymo metų buvę rūkoriai turi 2-kartus didesnę vėžio riziką.
Key Point Smoking svorio metimo poveikis gfr the risk of developing esophageal cancer.
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Wu et al reported an approximate 3-fold increase in risk of esophageal cancer svorio metimo poveikis gfr that of nonsmokers see next slide. Bosetti et al reviewed 20 studies investigating the effect of smoking cessation on increased risk. Many of the studies were in agreement that the risk of esophageal cancer is reduced after smoking cessation, but that there is a lasting effect of smoking on this risk, and even after 10 years or more, the risk of ex-smokers developing this cancer is twice as high as that for nonsmokers.
Nature Clinical Practice.
Accessed September 19, Bosetti et al. A multiethnic population-based study of smoking, alcohol and body size and risk of adenocarcinomas of the stomach and esophagus United States. Rūkoriai beveik 3-kartus dažniau serga pūslės vėžiu nei nerūkantys. Key Point Smoking is one of the most important risk factors associated with bladder cancer.
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Bladder cancer is the ninth most frequent cancer in men worldwide approximatelynew cases per yearand one of the top 5 most frequent cancers in men in the United States.
It is more common in men, but there are approximately 60, women diagnosed with bladder cancer per year worldwide. In a meta-analysis of 43 studies, Zeeger et al concluded that cigarette smokers svorio metimo poveikis gfr an approximately 3-fold greater risk of bladder cancer than nonsmokers. Summary ORs compared with nonsmokers were 3. Zeegers et al. World J Svorio metimo poveikis gfr.
The association between smoking, beverage consumption, diet and bladder cancer: a systematic literature review. Hunt et al conducted a meta-analysis of 19 case-controlled and 5 cohort studies investigating the relationship between smoking and renal cell carcinoma.
Smokers were divided into categories based on the svorio metimo poveikis gfr of their smoking. The risk for both men and women was dose-dependent. The following section will present a number of studies that clarified the connection between smoking and these disorders. Other sites lumbar spine, femoral neck displayed a similar but not significant trend. Smoking and bone metabolism in elderly women. Each subject was age- and sex-matched to a control subject, and each was assessed on uolumas svorio metimas basis of ever smoking and use of hormonal contraceptives or replacement.
Men and women were analyzed separately. Among the women, the patients were found to have a higher frequency of smoking than the controls.
Using logistic regression to calculate the odds ratios, then calculating percent attributable risk, it was determined that smoking increases the chances of women developing all 3 svorio metimo poveikis gfr the conditions. As in previous studies, smoking was not found to have an effect on thyroid disease in men.
Rūkančios moterys turi didesnę riziką susirgti skydliaukės ligomis. Vestergaard et al.
Rūkymas yra susijęs su II tipo cukrinio diabeto atsiradimu — pažeidžiamas rezistentiškumas insulinui, pakinta insulino sekrecija, toksinis poveikis kasai, padidėja adrenalino kiekis. Rūkantiems ir sergantiems cukriniu diabetu asmenims dažniau stebimos mikrovaskulinės komplikacijos tokios, kaip diabetinė nefropatija, mikroalbuminurija, kurios gali būti grįžtamos metus rūkyti.
To assess whether there is a relationship between smoking and type 2 diabetes, Beziaud et al conducted a study in France of 27, volunteers 12, men and 15, womenaged years. Smoking and alcohol consumption habits were determined, clinical parameters recorded, and glucose levels measured.
Ex-smokers were defined as those who had svorio metimo poveikis gfr smoking at least a month before the examination. Among men 20 to 69 years old, current smokers had an increased svorio metimo poveikis gfr of diabetes RR: 1.
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Interestingly, the effect of smoking on the development of diabetes in women was not conclusive. Diabetes Metab. Cigarette smoking and diabetes mellitus. Wannamethee et al then studied the effects of smoking cessation on the increased risk of diabetes, finding that the risk of developing diabetes decreased with longer duration of cessation and returns to the nonsmoker level by 20 years after cessation.
However, within the first 5 years, the risk actually increased even when adjusted for BMI.
Presentation on theme: "Sisteminis rūkymo ir rūkymo metimo poveikis"— Presentation transcript:
They determined that for those in this group, the length of time they had previously smoked was important. The increased risk was found only for those who had smoked for at least 30 years.
The length of time smoked made no difference once a man had stopped smoking for more than 5 years. Diabetes Care. Smoking as a modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes in middle-aged men. Rūkymas, sergantiems glomerulonefritu, policistinių inkstų liga, skatina greitesnį inkstų funkcijos nepakankamumo progresavimą.